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Suspension Types & How To Maintain Each One

Suspension Types & How To Maintain Each One | Elite Auto Repair

It's important to keep in mind that the suspension system plays a critical role in ensuring a comfortable ride, keeping your tires in contact with the road, and enabling safe handling and braking. 

By familiarizing yourself with the various types of suspension systems and learning how to properly maintain them, you can significantly improve your vehicle's overall performance and lifespan.

Suspension Systems

At its core, a vehicle's suspension system is designed to absorb shocks, provide comfort during rides, and ensure tires stay in contact with the road. Each type has unique characteristics and maintenance needs, from the traditional spring-based systems to the more modern air-ride suspensions.

Traditional Coil Spring Suspension

The most common type of suspension in vehicles is the coil spring system. It uses metal coils over shock absorbers to dampen the impact of road surfaces. 

Maintenance Tips: Regular inspections for rust or wear, ensuring shocks and struts are in good condition, and replacing worn springs can keep this type of suspension running smoothly.

Leaf Spring Suspension

Often found in trucks and large vehicles, leaf springs are an older form of suspension that uses layers of metal strips. 

Maintenance Tips: Checking for cracks, wear, or sagging is crucial. Replacing bushings and ensuring the leaf springs are properly lubricated will prevent noise and improve lifespan.

Torsion Bar Suspension

Torsion bars use the twisting properties of a steel bar to provide coil-spring-like performance. This type is common in some trucks and SUVs. 

Maintenance Tips: Regular checks for corrosion or damage and ensuring the adjustment mechanisms are working correctly are essential for maintenance.

Air Suspension Systems

Air suspension uses airbags instead of springs, offering a smoother ride and the ability to adjust ride height. 

Maintenance Tips: Checking for air leaks, ensuring the compressor is functioning, and maintaining the correct air pressure are key to proper air suspension maintenance.

MacPherson Strut Suspension

This system combines a shock absorber and a coil spring into a single unit, saving space and weight. 

Maintenance Tips: Inspecting struts for leaks or damage and replacing them if necessary is critical. Ensuring the surrounding suspension parts are in good condition can also prevent premature wear.

Multi-Link Suspension

A more complex system that offers superior ride quality and handling, multi-link suspension allows for more precise wheel control. 

Maintenance Tips: Regular checks for worn-out bushings, links, and ball joints, along with ensuring all components are correctly aligned, are vital for maintaining this type of suspension.

Adjustable and Magnetic Ride Suspensions

These high-tech suspension systems allow for driver-controlled settings or automatic adjustments for optimal performance. 

Maintenance Tips: The key to maintaining adjustable suspensions is ensuring the electronic components are functioning correctly. Magnetic-ride suspensions require checks for software updates and sensor functionality to maintain their advanced features.


If you happen to notice any issue with your car's suspension system, it could result in a rough and uncomfortable ride. That's why, it is recommended that you bring your vehicle to the specialists at Elite Auto Repair located in Warwick, RI, as soon as possible!

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